There’s a lot that goes into bringing a product to market. Making sure costs stay where they need to be is one of the most important aspects. Just as much as making sure the functionality and quality of the product is maintained, it’s so important that cost oversight is closely integrated with the process of specifying parts. Managing both within the same application becomes almost a necessity. That’s what PLM systems like Aligni do.
How PLM fits in
PLM (Product Lifecycle Management) software can help organizations manage product costing. It does this by providing a framework and central location for collecting and analyzing cost data throughout the product process from development to manufacture.
Most know the software is used for tracking changes, storing part and product data, and organizing information for hand-off to production. PLM software also manages part and material pricing data. Having all this information stored in one item master database means everyone is working on the same builds with the correct information – and that includes costs.
How PLM integrates with the product costing process
We’ve outlined the key steps in the process below to provide a better understanding of how product costing can be managed within a product lifecycle management application like Aligni.
1. Defining Cost Elements: The first step in product costing is to determine the cost elements of the product that will be included in the analysis. This may include materials, labor, overhead, and other costs. PLM software can provide a common framework for defining and organizing cost elements within a single database. It also assigns costs to specific product components or manufacturing processes.
2. Collecting Data: The next step after cost element identification is to assemble the data on the actual costs associated with each element. PLM software can help organizations collect and organize cost data from a variety of sources. These can include ERP (Enterprise Resource Planning) systems, supplier quotes, and other sources. This information is stored in the PLM’s item master database for easy reference. It’s also stored into the product’s bill of materials (BOM), also managed with PLM.
3. Analyzing Costs: Once the cost data has been collected, the data can be examined to determine the total cost of the product. PLM software can provide tools for analyzing cost data. These tools can include as cost breakdowns by component or manufacturing process, per unit product costs, differences in vendor pricing. They can also include comparing actual costs to budgeted costs.
4. Monitoring Costs: It is important to continue oversight of the cost structure to ensure the product remains within budget throughout its lifecycle. Instead of searching files or chasing other departments, PLM software can provide tools for tracking actual costs over time. The software can be used for identifying areas where costs are exceeding budget. This is all done within the PLM.
5. Supporting Cost Optimization: PLM software can also support cost optimization processes. It can help programs by providing tools that analyze the potential impact of design changes, component substitutions, and other factors on product costs. This can help organizations identify cost reduction opportunities without sacrificing quality or functionality.
Bringing it all together
As the above five steps highlight, when using product lifecycle management software for overseeing both product changes and product costing, the advantages are clear. By collecting, analyzing, and monitoring cost data within PLM, organizations can improve their ability to manage costs and optimize product designs. They can make informed decisions about product development and manufacturing. PLM software can provide the centralized framework necessary for managing product costing throughout the product lifecycle, from initial design through manufacturing and beyond.
- Aligni Knowledge Center
- Supply Planning for Manufacturing
- Material Resource Planning for Manufacturing
- Managing the Quoting process with Aligni
- Product Build Management with Aligni
- Demand Planning for Manufacturing
- Tracking material usage in production environments
- The Use of Safety Stock in Manufacturing
- ECRs in Manufacturing
- Engineering Change Orders
- Bills of Materials in Manufacturing
- The DFM process
- What is a build?
- Understanding the RFQ Process in Manufacturing
- Engineering Change Management in Manufacturing
- Just in Time Manufacturing Process
- Capacity Planning
- Inventory Planning
- Inventory Analysis
- How capacity planning and MRP work together
- Product Lifecycle Management (PLM) defined
- Product Data Management (PDM) defined
- The differences between PLM and PDM
- How PDM and PLM work together
- PLM in new product development
- The Advantages of Managing ECM in PLM
- Managing Product Costing with PLM
- The Product Handoff Process
- Managing Product Handoff information with PLM
- What product data does a PLM system manage?
- What data does an MRP system manage?
- Managing inventory lead times with MRP
- Inventory tracking defined
- Why inventory tracking and demand estimation work together
- Managing quality in an MRP system
- Migrating to an MRP system
- Manufacturing Production Planning
- The ECM process, step-by-step
- Lead time reduction with MRP
- Managing product specifications in a PLM
- Managing part versions and part revisions in MRP
- The benefits of managing BOMs in MRP
- Managing your ECM process in an MRP system